B flat trumpets
B flat trumpets are the most common types of trumpets. A typical model has a key range of F sharp to lower than Middle C to several octaves higher. Its mouthpiece is usually made of brass. Keys are plated in silver and valves are plated with nickel. The body is usually lacquered with gold for a shiny finish.
Piccolo trumpets are the smallest types of trumpet. Its tubing is half the length of that of a B flat trumpet. A typical model plays in the keys of A and B flat. It is usually made up of four valves, a 3.5-inch diameter bell, and a 0.401- to 0.417-inch diameter bore. Piccolo trumpets produce a tight and bright tune especially when played in the high registers.
A soprano trumpet is tuned to the key of G. It is also called a soprano bugle or a sopranos. Most soprano trumpets are made up of piston and rotary valves and are available in two bore sizes: large and extra large. It is commonly used in drum and bugle corps.
The pitch and mouthpiece of a bass trumpet is similar to that of a trombone. It is made up of a 0.484-inch diameter bore, a 7-inch diameter bell, and smooth pearl finger buttons. Bass trumpets are commonly played by trombonists.
Slide trumpets have slides instead of valves. Similar to a B flat trumpet, they are also comparable to a soprano trombone. Most models have 0.452-inch diameter bores and 4.72-inch diameter bells.
A pocket trumpet is the smaller version of the standard B flat trumpet. It is made with a small bell and a tightly wound tubing. Pocket trumpets produce a warm sound that mimics voice articulations.