The euphonium is a brass musical instrument that looks like a small tuba but sounds like a trombone. It features a conical bore and several piston valves. Since they are is tenor-voiced, euphoniums produce low but soft and smooth sounds.
Euphoniums were developed in the late 1800's. Because it was developed rather late, great composers have did not have the chance to compose any remarkable opus for it.
Types of Euphoniums
Kinds of Euphoniums include the following:
The bells of bell-front euphoniums face forward when they are held in the proper (upright) position. A typical model usually comes with three valves that limit its sound quality and pitch variety. This type is ideal for marching. A four-valved type is also available. It is more difficult to control and requires constant practice to master.
The bells of bell-up euphoniums face upward when held properly. It commonly has a fourth valve that lowers the fundamental pitch by five keys, often from B flat to F. It is a very popular type of euphonium because it produces better sound quality, tonal range, and flexibility.
A compensating euphonium is an advanced type. Its fourth valve is mounted on its side. The fourth valve is designed to provide a solution for low-range tunes.
Choosing Euphoniums (Buying tips)
Valves: If you are a beginner, choose a euphonium with three valves only vbecause it is much easier to use. An intermediate or an advanced player should get a four-valved euphonium for increased tonal range and better sound production.